Found in Surah Al-Baqarah, the second chapter in the Holy Qur’an, Ayat Al-Kursi is translated as the Throne Verse.
To summarise the verse, it mentions the power and glory of God and that nothing and nobody is comparable to Allah Subhanahu Wa Ta’ala.
The construct of the whole verse is intriguing such that it makes a ring composition, which makes a kind of mirror image of the verses. To elaborate further, there must be a correspondence between the beginning and the end. The exact middle phrase will act as the central meaning of the verse.
For example, the following structure: A, B, C, D, X, D’, C’, B’, A’.
As you can see, the second half of the structure mirrors the first half, in reverse order. X signifies the central meaning of the text.
Thus, what is mentioned in Ayat Al-Kursi in the first half is reflected in the second half of the verse.
“Allah – there is no deity except Him, the Ever-Living, the Sustainer of [all] existence.
Neither drowsiness overtakes Him nor sleep.
To Him belongs whatever is in the heavens and whatever is on the earth.
Who is it that can intercede with Him except by His permission?
He knows what is [presently] before them and what will be after them,
and they encompass not a thing of His knowledge except for what He wills.
His Knowledge [throne] extends over the heavens and the earth,
and their preservation tires Him not.
And He is the Most High, the Most Great.”
Ayat Al-Kursi, 255, Surah Al-Baqarah
The above translation of Ayat Al-Kursi shows the ring composition. It’s also interesting to note that the centre of the text is the following phrase: “He knows what is [presently] before them and what will be after them…” A suitable phrase, considering that “knowing what is before them and what will be after them” is a representation of a perfect reflection of each other. This not only applies to the meaning of the Ayat Al-Kursi, but also the structure of it.
Further allusions to the mirror image structure is the 2nd phrase: “Neither drowsiness overtakes Him nor sleep” and 8th phrase: “and their preservation tires Him not” which corresponds and reflects each other in meaning.
Indeed, the Ayat Al-Kursi is regarded to be the most excellent verse of the Qur’an, according to Prophet Muhammad (Peace Be Upon Him) not only for such a perfectly tight structure of the composition, but the powerful meaning behind the verse.
Thus, Muslims recite this particular verse commonly in these three situations:
Commonly recited before going to sleep to protect an individual from disturbances of nightmares.
Whether it is driving, walking, taking a bus, or flying a plane, reciting the ayat will protect the individual from mishaps and ease the journey before him.
After Every Prayer
Allah (SWT) has told Prophet Musa (AS) that if one recites the Ayat Al-Kursi after every prayer, Allah the Almighty will make one’s heart a thankful one and his deeds will be those of the truthful.
Keep in mind that Ayat Al-Kursi is such an important and versatile ayat that it can virtually be used in circumstances that suitably calls for it. Thus, the memorisation of this beautifully constructed verse is highly encouraged.